Abrash -A terminology used to describe the variation of colour in oriental hand knotted rugs often found in nomadic or tribal designs.
Acrylic -A synthetic man-made fibre used to produce rugs, clothing and yarn etc, it’s a soft material which can mimic wool or cotton.
Afshar -A stiff cotton hardwearing rug made in southern Iran.
All Over -A repeat pattern in the design of a rug.
Aniline Dyes -The first artificial dyes used to colour rugs in the 1850's, however these dyes tend to fade when exposed to sunlight.
Antique -A rug which is over 50 years old.
Arabesque -An elaborate rug design based around flowers, fruits and other natural elements.
Arte Silke -A soft synthetic material which is a cheaper substitute for real silk.
Asymmetrical Knot -Asymmetrical also know as Persian is a style of rug and a knot is a weave technique where the knot encircles the warp.
Bamboo -A steamed hollow plant which is very durable and often used manufacturing paper, rugs, textiles and flooring.
Blend -Two or more types of fibre blended together.
Boteh -A teardrop design which originates from Iran.
Bounce -A yarn which displays a textured loop pile.
Carding -A process where the fibres get untangled before they are spun.
Cartoon -A drawing or a sketch design used as a template.
Combing -A process where short fibres are untangled prior to being spun.
Contemporary -A modern rug under 25 years old.
Cotton -A spun fibre which is sourced and produced from the cotton plant.
Dhurrie -A casual cotton or woolen flat rug made in India.
Dyes -Dyes are used in colouring rugs. Natural dyes are made from plants, minerals or animals.
Field -The area inside the rug borders which is the central design of the theme.
Flat Weave -A rug which has no pile or is knotted, meaning they are wooven on the loom.
Flotaki -A Hand made shaggy rugs, the name Flotaki originates from Greece.
Fringe -The hanging threads at the end of the rug. Knotted fringes prevent the threads from untangling
Guard Borders -A guard border separates the border from the field (the main design).
Gul Farangi -A repeat rose design throughout the rug.
Gul Hinnai -A repeat henna flower design throughout the rug.
Hand Hooked -Where the yarn is pulled through a woven fabric such as linen or hemp using a hook.
Hand Knotted -A hand Knotted pile is produced as the knots are wrapped around the warps.
Hand Made -Rugs which are made by hand not a machine.
Hand Tufted -Very similar to hand hooked however the loops are cut for a smooth level finish.
Jute -A plant fibre which is often used to manufacturer rope, carpets and rugs. A very durable and sturdy material.
Kilim -A flat woven rug which comes with no pile.
Knot -Knots are where the weave is tied over the wafts both symmetrical and asymmetrical.
Knot Density -A number of knots within a square inch.
Loom -A structure for knotting and weaving rugs or other textiles.
Machine Made Rugs -Rugs which are woven by a machine.
Medallion -The central decoration in an oriental rug.
Nap -The direction of a fully (shaggy) surface.
Natural Dyes -Natural dyes which are sourced from minerals, plants and animals. .
Nylon -A durable synthetic soft fibre.
Olefin -A durable and stain resistant man made material synthetic fibre.
Persian Knot -A durable and stain resistant man made material synthetic fibre.
Pictorial -A pictorial design which is often a person, place or an animal.
Pile -The weaving area produced by tying rug fibres together.
Polyester -A synthetic material used to manufacturer rugs and carpets.
Primary Backing Hardwearing fibres woven together to create a strong backing for the rug.
Seagrass -Seagrass is a plant fibre which is found in the sea. Seagrass is stain resistant and very durable.
Secondary Backing - This offer further protection and is bonded to the primary backing..
Shaggy Rug - A thick deep shag pile made from either synthetic or natural fibres. A flotaki is a type of shaggy rug.
Silk - A soft and shiny fibre made from silkworms.
Synthetic Dyes - Synthetic dyes are man made dyes used to colour textiles and rugs
Warp -The length of the loom created when the knots are tied together.
Weave -This is created when intertwining the weft threads through the warp.
Weft -The weft is the width of the yarn intertwined over and under the warp threads.
Wool -Wool is sourced from shearing sheep and offers great durability and elasticity.
Yarn -Yarn is the thread that is used when weaving the rugs together.